No products in the cart.

Back To Top


What Is a Contract in Contract Law

When it comes to legally binding agreements, a contract is the most commonly used document in contract law. A contract is a written or oral promise between two or more parties, which outlines the terms and conditions of an agreement. These agreements can be used in various settings, such as business transactions, employment, and even personal agreements.

What Makes a Contract Valid?

For a contract to be valid, it must meet certain requirements set by the law. These requirements are as follows:

1. Offer and acceptance: The first step in creating a contract is making an offer. The offer should be clear and specific, with an intention to create a legal obligation. The other party should then accept the offer without any conditions, known as unconditional acceptance.

2. Consideration: Consideration refers to something of value that is exchanged between the parties, such as money, goods, or services. This exchange is essential for the contract to be legally binding. Both parties should receive a benefit or advantage through the agreement.

3. Intention to create legal relations: The parties must have a mutual intention to be legally bound by the agreement. If the parties do not intend to create a legal relationship, the contract is not enforceable.

4. Capacity: Both parties must be legally capable of entering into the contract. This means that they must be of legal age, mentally capable, and not coerced into signing the agreement.

5. Legality: The subject matter of the contract must be legally permissible. For example, an agreement to break the law or engage in illegal activity would not be enforceable in court.

What Should Be Included in a Contract?

A contract should be clear and concise, with all essential terms and conditions included. These terms can include the following:

1. Description of the subject matter: The contract should clearly identify the subject matter of the agreement.

2. Payment terms and conditions: The payment terms should be outlined, including the amount to be paid, the payment schedule, and method of payment.

3. Termination clauses: The contract should include provisions for the termination of the agreement, such as notice periods and penalties for breach.

4. Confidentiality agreements: If the agreement involves confidential information, the contract should include provisions for keeping this information confidential.

5. Dispute resolution clauses: In the event of a dispute, the contract should outline the steps to be taken to resolve the issue, including arbitration, mediation, or litigation.

In conclusion, a contract is a legally binding agreement between two or more parties, which outlines the terms and conditions of an agreement. For a contract to be valid, it must meet certain requirements, including offer and acceptance, consideration, intention to create legal relations, capacity, and legality. When drafting a contract, it is essential to include all essential terms and conditions, including subject matter, payment terms, termination clauses, confidentiality agreements, and dispute resolution clauses. By following these guidelines, parties can create legally enforceable agreements that protect their interests.


Make a splash with WaveRide, designed for everyone passionate about all things surfing.

184 Main Collins Street Victoria 8007
Follow Us: